One indication that you may have an increased risk of developing glaucoma is ocular hypertension. According to the American Optometric Association, ocular hypertension is “an increase in the pressure in your eyes that is above the range considered normal with no detectable changes in vision or damage to the structure of your eyes.” This means that many people with ocular hypertension are unaware that anything abnormal is occurring in their eyes. Without symptoms, the condition can be diagnosed only by an eye doctor, who will use a tonometry test to measure the pressure inside your eye. During the test, a doctor presses against your cornea in order to record its resistance response. This may be done in several ways, including with an electronic instrument or a puff of air.
Although there is no existing method of treating ocular hypertension, it is important to identify its existence so that it can be monitored – especially because it indicates a risk of developing glaucoma, which does cause serious damage to the eye and even blindness. People who are over 40 with a family history of glaucoma or ocular hypertension are more likely to develop the condition, as are African-Americans. It is also seen more often in people who have diabetes or are severely nearsighted. If you have any of these risk factors, it is important to talk to your eye doctor about getting tested for ocular hypertension. By scheduling a comprehensive vision exam with a doctor on your True Dental Discounts, vision plan, you can stay informed about the health of your eyes and learn more about preventing serious complications.